HR Mavericks

Eddy’s HR Mavericks Encyclopedia

Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO)

The top HR executive of a company is typically a Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO). Regardless of the name of their title, their role and responsibilities are the same. Let’s explore the role of a CHRO and discuss the skills and qualifications needed to be successful in this important position.

Who Is a Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO)?

A Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) is a high-level executive who is responsible for managing an organization's human resources department and overseeing all aspects of its people-related strategies, programs, and initiatives. The CHRO is also responsible for ensuring that the organization's HR activities are aligned with its overall business objectives and contribute to the organization's success. The CHRO typically reports to the CEO or another high-level executive and may serve as a member of the organization's executive leadership team.

The Benefits of Having a Chief Human Resources Officer

CHROs help drive business success and growth because of their strategic focus on people operations. When organizations hire CHROs, there are several financial and legal benefits.
  • Strong employer brand. CHROs work to enhance the organization's reputation as an employer of choice. This includes developing relationships with universities, industry associations and other organizations that can help to promote the organization's employer brand, as well as ensuring that the organization's social media and online presence are aligned with the employer brand. They lead internal and external communication efforts to promote the employer brand. This includes developing communication strategies to promote the organization's culture, values and employee value proposition, as well as ensuring that the organization's messaging is consistent across all channels.
  • Increased competitive advantage. CHROs increase a company’s competitive advantage by attracting and retaining top talent, driving innovation and achieving business objectives of the organization. They develop talent acquisition and retention strategies, workforce planning strategies, leadership development programs, diversity and inclusion initiatives and innovation programs. CHROs help the organization to compete more effectively in a rapidly changing business environment when they complete these high-level tasks successfully.
  • Improved risk management. CHROs have an active role in risk management. They confirm the organization is well-positioned to manage risks and achieve its strategic objectives. CHROs partner with other executives and stakeholders to identify HR-related risks and develop strategies for mitigating those risks. CHROs also work to ensure the safety and well-being of employees by implementing policies and procedures that promote a safe work environment, addressing employee health and wellness needs and providing resources.

Key Responsibilities of a Chief Human Resources Officer

A CHRO can help an organization build a strong, engaged and productive workforce that is aligned with its strategic objectives and contributes to its long-term success.

Strategic Alignment

CHROs ensure that the organization's HR policies and initiatives are aligned with its overall strategic objectives. This ensures that the organization's people-related activities are contributing to its success and helps avoid misalignment between the HR department and the rest of the organization.

Talent Management

CHROs oversee the recruitment, development, and retention of talent within the organization. This ensures that the organization has the right people in the right positions with the right skills, and that they are being developed and rewarded appropriately. CHROs are responsible for ensuring that employees have the skills and knowledge they need to be successful in their roles. This might include developing training and development programs, providing coaching and mentoring opportunities and creating career development plans to help employees build skills and progress in their careers. CHROs are also accountable for developing succession planning processes that ensure the organization has a pipeline of talent ready to fill key roles as they become vacant. This might include identifying high-potential employees, developing career paths and development plans for them and providing opportunities to gain experience in different areas of the organization.

Culture and Engagement

CHROs are responsible for fostering a positive organizational culture and ensuring that employees are engaged and motivated. This can help improve productivity, reduce turnover, and create a positive workplace environment. By defining and communicating the organization's values and developing employee engagement strategies, CHROs promote a strong culture and engagement. Defining and communicating the organization's values are the foundation for company culture. By articulating the organization's values and ensuring they are embedded in all aspects of operations, CHROs help to create a strong culture that is aligned with the organization's mission and strategic objectives. CHROs promote employee engagement and help to create a positive workplace culture. This might include creating opportunities for employee feedback and input, providing recognition and rewards for employee contributions, promoting work-life balance and providing opportunities for employee development and career growth.


CHROs ensure that the organization is compliant with all relevant labor laws and regulations. Failure to comply with HR laws and regulations can result in legal penalties, such as fines, lawsuits and negative publicity, which can damage an organization's reputation and financial stability. HR compliance helps mitigate these risks by ensuring that the organization is operating within the boundaries of the law. HR compliance also helps establish and maintain employee trust by ensuring that employees are treated fairly and equitably. When employees know that an organization is complying with HR laws and regulations, they are more likely to trust the organization and feel confident that their rights are being protected.


CHROs play a key role in driving innovation within the organization by encouraging creativity and risk-taking, promoting collaboration and knowledge-sharing and creating a culture of continuous improvement. HR executives can work to create a culture of innovation within the organization by encouraging employees to be creative and take risks. They can develop policies and practices that reward innovation, provide opportunities for employee collaboration, and promote a sense of ownership and accountability among employees.

Skills and Qualifications for Chief Human Resources Officers

CHROs must have a broad range of skills and qualifications to be effective in their roles. They must be able to balance the needs of the organization with the needs of employees while ensuring compliance with legal requirements and driving business success. Here are a few of the most common skills and qualifications a CHRO needs.

Educational Requirement

A bachelor's or master's degree in a relevant field, such as human resources, business administration, psychology, organizational development or labor and industrial relations is typically required for CHRO positions.

Strategic Thinking

One of the key skills for CHROs is the ability to think strategically. They need to be able to think strategically and align HR strategies with overall business goals. High-level HR executives must understand the company's vision and be able to create a plan to achieve it.


Another key skill for CHROs is leadership. They are responsible for a core function of the organization, and their ability to lead their teams is vital to the department and organizational success. CHROs must also be able to motivate and inspire the HR team. They must be able to communicate effectively with employees at all levels of the organization.

Business Acumen

Business acumen is another required skill for CHROs. CHROs must have a deep understanding of business operations, financial management and the competitive landscape. They must be able to analyze data and use it to make informed decisions.

Change Management

CHROs must be skilled in managing change, particularly in the context of organizational restructuring or other major initiatives. They must be able to communicate changes effectively and manage employee expectations.

Emotional Intelligence

CHROs must have strong emotional intelligence, including the ability to empathize with employees and understand their needs. They must be able to build relationships with employees and create a positive work environment. People skills are essential for HR executives, and having a good emotional intelligence (EQ) score will be helpful to manage complex employee issues.

HR Expertise

While the most obvious skill a CHRO should possess, HR expertise is one of the most crucial. CHROs must have a strong understanding of HR policies, procedures and best practices. They must stay up-to-date on changes in employment laws and regulations. If they are the main point of contact for HR for the organization, all new and challenging people related questions will be directed to them for a solution.

The Future of the Chief Human Resources Officer Role

As the human resources function continues to evolve with the aid of technology and diverse talents (increased multigenerational workforce), CHROs will need to add new areas of focus to current HR core functions. Here are a few new areas of focus.

Data Analytics

Data analytics is an increasingly important aspect of the CHRO's role. As organizations become more data-driven, CHROs need to be able to use data and analytics to inform HR strategies and decisions. CHROs also need to be able to use data analytics to make informed decisions that drive business success. By leveraging data and analytics, CHROs can gain insights into HR trends and practices to develop effective strategies that support the organization's goals.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

The role of CHROs in diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) is critical to ensure that organizations create a diverse and inclusive workplace that attracts and retains top talent. CHROs lead the development of a DEI strategy that aligns with the organization's mission and values. This includes setting goals and targets, establishing metrics to track progress and identifying areas where the organization needs to improve. CHROs can also establish metrics and reporting mechanisms that track progress on DEI initiatives. This includes measuring the diversity of the workforce, tracking retention rates for underrepresented groups and evaluating the effectiveness of DEI training programs.

Employee Experience

CHROs play a crucial role in employee experience (EX) by ensuring that organizations provide a positive and fulfilling workplace for employees. CHROs work with other executives to define the desired employee experience and develop a plan to deliver it. They develop metrics to measure employee experience and identify areas where the organization needs to improve. This includes conducting employee surveys, gathering feedback from managers and tracking key performance indicators such as turnover, absenteeism and engagement. CHROs also lead initiatives to improve the employee experience. This includes developing programs that support work-life balance, providing opportunities for career development and advancement, and fostering a culture of recognition and appreciation.

Crisis Management

CHROs work with other executives to develop a crisis management plan that outlines how the organization will respond to unexpected events that impact the workforce and business. This includes identifying potential risks and developing a plan to mitigate them, as well as establishing roles and responsibilities for key personnel. CHROs also work with other executives to ensure that the organization can continue operating during a crisis. This includes developing contingency plans, identifying essential business functions, and ensuring that employees have the resources and support they need to continue working. CHROs lead communication efforts during a crisis, ensuring that employees are kept informed and updated on the situation. This includes providing regular updates on the situation, addressing employee concerns, and providing guidance on how employees can stay safe and healthy.
Remone Robinson

Remone Robinson

Remone Robinson is a high-achieving Human Resources professional with extensive experience and success in talent management, strategic communication, and regulatory compliance across several industries. He is a motivated self-starter who draws on strategic planning and change management skills to enhance HR policies and operations. He has an extensive background in performance management, training & development, and diversity, equity, inclusion & belonging. Remone earned a Master of Science (MS) degree in Management and Leadership from Western Governors University. His passion and vision for HR led him to become a SHRM Certified Professional (SHRM-CP) from SHRM and a Certified Professional in Human Resources® (PHR®) from HRCI.
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Frequently asked questions
Other Related Terms
Associate Professional in Human Resources (aPHR)
Benefits Manager
Campus Recruiter
Certified Payroll Professional (CPP)
Compensation Analyst
Employee Relations Manager
Executive Recruiter
Global Mobility Specialist
Global Professional in Human Resources (GPHR)
HR Burnout
HR Business Partner
HR Careers
HR Certifications
HR Consulting
HR Department of One
HR for Owners
Hiring Manager
Hiring Team
Human Resources Assistant
Human Resources Generalist
In-House Recruiter
Professional in Human Resources (PHR)
Recruiting Coordinator
Recruiting Manager
Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR)
Talent Acquisition Partner
Technical Recruiter
Training & Development Manager
Vice President of Human Resources
Work-Life Coordinator
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